can be faked on with image editing software as seen here.
Compare this with the image below.
In 1897 Alexander Hamilton, of Yates Center, Kansas,
came out of his house to discover a cigar shaped UFO was hovering
over his farm. Humanoids in the ship had a rope around one of
Hamilton's calves and were trying to winch it aboard. This story
appeared in the Yates Center local newspaper along with statements
from leading citizens vouching for Hamilton's honesty. For almost
a hundred years it was considered one of the best documented
UFO cases on the books. The only problem with it was that it
was a hoax.
Hamilton, along with the other "leading citizens,"
were part of a local liar's club and regularly practiced out
doing each other with tale tales. Hamilton's cigar airship story
was so good that it was put in the newspaper as a joke. The
members of the club had no idea at the time just how effective
this lie would be at fooling thousands of people around the
world. It was only in 1977 when Jerry Clark, in FATE magazine,
published the results of Robert Schadewald's work on the "calfnapping"
story, that the truth came out.
Objects as mundane as a dry cleaner bags, balsa
wood and birthday candles can be used to perpetrate a hoax.
Many people have been fooled by balloons
constructed by these simple materials. The candle provides the
hot air needed to lift the balloon as well as an eerie glowing
light that floats through the air, fooling the unwary. Teenagers
in Oneonta, New York, mystified residents with this prank. Unfortunately
these devices can have more serious consequences than inspiring
a false UFO report. The flame, after a crash landing, may start
Though only a tiny minority of UFO reports turn
out to be hoaxes they challenge the credibility of all sightings.
They can also call into question the professionalism of UFO
enthusiast organizations. A number of years ago English physicist
David Simpson decided to see how effective UFO investigators
would be a spotting a hoax. While a group of UFO spotters were
on a neighboring hill he used a purple light, a horn and bogus
faked photographs to generate a "close encounter of the first
kind." The hoax was not detected at all and the photographs
declared to be, "genuine beyond all doubt."
Though there are reputable UFO organizations
that do their best to screen out false reports it is not always
an easy job. Even when an organization suspects a hoax they
may be reluctant to say so unless they are absolutely sure.
In theory a libel lawsuit could be filed and the accusers must
be prepared to prove their case.
One of the most well known hoaxes involved with
the "Hudson Valley Sightings." Between
1983 and 1987 thousands of people along New York's Hudson Valley
witnessed a boomerang-shaped UFO estimated to be between 200
and 1000 feet from tip to tip. The ship was marked at regular
intervals by multicolored blinking lights. A group of UFO investigators
found that at least some of the incidents could be traced to
a spoof perpetrated by the "Stormville Flyers," a group of small
plane pilots. By attaching multi-colored lights on to their
planes and flying in formation they could give the impression
of a huge UFO sailing majestically across the sky. By turning
off their lights on cue they could make the ship mysteriously
disappear. Although this hoax did not explain all the sightings
over the years in the Hudson Valley it did explain a percentage
of the cases.
from the above photograph at the top of the page. Was it
a real ufo?
Some skeptics believe certain categories of items
are almost all hoaxs. This includes things like the English
crop circles and just about every
"flying saucer" pictures ever taken.
As time goes on it may become more and more difficult
to detect hoax photographs. In the past faked photographs were
subject to careful analysis that might spot problem in the picture:
a hidden string holding up a flying saucer, or evidence like
a shadow that would show the picture was not taken at the time
of the day claimed. More and more though sophisticated computerized
image processing is available even in people's home. This makes
it easier and easier to create a seamless fake photograph.
Book: The Great UFO Hoax: The Final Solution to the UFO Mystery
Krystek 1996. All Rights Reserved.